CDW's, Superconductivity, and Magnetism: Understanding Materials Properties Through Electronic Structure

Event Dates: 

Wednesday, May 27, 2015 - 11:00am

CTQM Seminar Type: 

  • Related Seminar Series

Speaker Name(s): 

Michelle Johannes

Speaker Affiliation(s): 

Naval Research Labs

Abstract, Event Details: 

Charge Density Waves, Superconductivity and Magnetism are all intriguing materials phenomenon separately, but even more so in systems where two or more of them compete.  Some-times the relevant parameter that determines which final state emerges is unmeasurable directly, but can be calculated. Using density functional theory methods, I will show how structure and electronic structure are linked and specifically, how the band structure and fermiology drive phase transitions in layered materials.  Specifically, I will discuss dichalcogenide systems where superconductivity and CDW states compete and can be manipulated via pressure.  I will also discuss the recently discovered Fe-based superconductors in which magnetism and superconductivity compete.  Finally, I will discuss a set of phosphate olivine materials in which the electronic structure gives rise to magnetic order that couples to a structural distortion that controls conductivity.